The Slovak Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It was formed on 1 January 1993 by the division of Czechoslovakia. The constitution of the Slovak Republic was signed on 3 September 1992 in the Knights' Hall of Bratislava Castle. Slovakia borders the Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, Ukraine and Poland. Since 1 May 2004, Slovakia has been a member of the European Union, since 21 December 2007 a member of the Schengen Area, and since 1 January 2009 a member of the Eurozone.
|Name of the country in Slovak||Slovak Republic (long form), Slovakia (short form)|
|Largest city||Bratislava (by population)|
|Form of government||Republic|
|Political system||Parliamentary democracy|
|Date of establishment of Republic||1 January 1993|
|Prime Minister||Robert Fico|
|Area||49 035 km2|
|Population||5,429,763 (as of 30 June 2010)|
|Ethnic structure of population||Slovak (85.8 %), Hungarian (9.7 %), Romany (1.7 %), Czech (0.8 %), Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish and other nationalities (2 %)|
|Religion||Roman Catholic (68.9 %), Protestant (6.9 %), Greek Catholic (4.1 %), Reformed Christian (2 %), smaller churches (1.95%), unregistered churches (0.14%), without affiliation (13.0%), not identified (3%)|
|Currency||euro (€, EUR), until 31 December 2008 the Slovak koruna (Sk, SKK)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|Summer time||CEST (UTC+2)|
|International code||SVK / SK|
|International license plate||SK|
|Internet domain||.sk, .eu (shared with other EU members)|
|Membership in international organisations||EU, NATO, UN, UNESCO, OECD, OSCE, CERN, WHO, INTERPOL, etc.|
|National flag||National emblem||State seal|
Nad Tatrou sa blýska
Nad Tatrou sa blýska,
hromy divo bijú.
Zastavme ich, bratia,
veď sa ony stratia,
To Slovensko naše
posiaľ tvrdo spalo.
Ale blesky hromu
vzbudzujú ho k tomu,
aby sa prebralo.
Wikipedia contains translation of the Slovak national anthem to other languages, in the different language versions of the article "Nad Tatrou sa blýska" http://sk.wikipedia.org).
Musical notation and audio files (sung and instrumental versions) can be found here.
Eight regions that are also larger territorial units:
- Bratislava region
- Trnava region
- Nitra region
- Trenčín region
- Žilina region
- Banská Bystrica region
- Prešov region
- Košice region
- 79 districts
- 138 cities
- 2933 villages.