The Slovak Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It was formed on 1 January 1993 by the division of Czechoslovakia. The constitution of the Slovak Republic was signed on 3 September 1992 in the Knights' Hall of Bratislava Castle. Slovakia borders the Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, Ukraine and Poland. Since 1 May 2004, Slovakia has been a member of the European Union, since 21 December 2007 a member of the Schengen Area, and since 1 January 2009 a member of the Eurozone.
|Name of the country in Slovak||Slovenská republika (long form), Slovensko (short form)|
|Largest city||Bratislava (by population)|
|Form of government||Republic|
|Political system||Parliamentary democracy|
|Date of establishment of Republic||1 January 1993|
|Prime Minister||Peter Pellegrini|
|Area||49 035 km2|
|Population||5,429,763 (as of 30 June 2010)|
|Ethnic structure of population||Slovak (85.8 %), Hungarian (9.7 %), Romany (1.7 %), Czech (0.8 %), Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish and other nationalities (2 %)|
|Religion||Roman Catholic (68.9 %), Protestant (6.9 %), Greek Catholic (4.1 %), Reformed Christian (2 %), smaller churches (1.95%), unregistered churches (0.14%), without affiliation (13.0%), not identified (3%)|
|Currency||euro (€, EUR), until 31 December 2008 the Slovak koruna (Sk, SKK)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|Summer time||CEST (UTC+2)|
|International code||SVK / SK|
|International license plate||SK|
|Internet domain||.sk, .eu (shared with other EU members)|
|Membership in international organisations||EU, NATO, UN, UNESCO, OECD, OSCE, CERN, WHO, INTERPOL, etc.|
Nad Tatrou sa blýska
Nad Tatrou sa blýska,
hromy divo bijú.
Zastavme ich, bratia,
veď sa ony stratia,
To Slovensko naše
posiaľ tvrdo spalo.
Ale blesky hromu
vzbudzujú ho k tomu,
aby sa prebralo.
Translations of the Slovak national anthem to other languages can be found on Wikipedia, in the different language versions of the article Nad Tatrou sa blýska).
Musical notation and audio files (sung and instrumental versions) can be found here.
Eight regions that are also larger territorial units:
- Bratislava region
- Trnava region
- Nitra region
- Trenčín region
- Žilina region
- Banská Bystrica region
- Prešov region
- Košice region
- 79 districts
- 138 cities
- 2933 villages.